By: Mackenzie O'Brien & Justine Wang

Egyptian Kingship

Egyptian Sarcophagus


Dynasty* (DY nus tee) -a series of rulers from the same family or ethnic group Pharaoh* (FEHR oh)- the title of the kings of ancient Egypt Absolute power* - complete control over someone or somethingRegent* (REE junt)- someone who rules for a child until the child is old enough to rule

From Dynasty* to Dynasty*

  • Egypt had gone through over 30 dynasties* during the timespan of 3100 B.C.- 332 B.C.
  • The dynasties* were grouped into 3 major time periods. Historians refer to these time periods as kingdoms.
  • The three kingdoms were called the Old Kingdom (the earliest time period), the Middle Kingdom, and the New Kingdom (the latest time period). There were gaps of time in between these kingdoms which were times of wars, invasions, and weak rulers. However, these gaps of troubles were rare, and for the most part of history in ancient Egypt, everything was stable.

Egypt is Unified

  • Legend says that a king named Menes (MEE neez) united Upper and Lower Egypt, thus beginning the first dynasty*.
  • Near what is present-day Cairo (KY roh), Menes built a city which he named Memphis. He made this city his capitol.
  • From there, King Menes ruled over the Two Lands.
  • There were two crowns, red and white, representing Upper and Lower Egypt (which the ancient Egyptians called the Two Lands). When these crowns were worn together, it meant that Upper and Lower Egypt were united.
  • This union commenced one of the most stable civilizations in history.

Crowns of Egypt
Crowns of Egypt

Egyptian Pharaoh Website

Menes ruled for 62 years and was killed by a hippopotamus.
Upper Egypt is actually in the south, while Lower Egypt is in the north.

A Powerful Pharaoh*

  • Next to Cleopatra, Hatshepsut (from the 18th dynasty*) was one of the most famous female pharaohs* of Egypt.
  • Her son, Thutmose III, was too young to become pharaoh*. Hatshepsut became his regent*, and eventually appointed herself pharaoh*.
  • Although she was a woman, and men traditionally held the title of pharaoh*, Hatshepsut took on all the responsibilities required of a pharaoh*. Man or woman, the great civilization's power and wealth was in the pharaoh's* control.
  • Hatshepsut was a very wise ruler. Not all were like her, though. Some Egyptian pharaohs* were careless and cruel.

Hatshepsut's reign was the longest of all the female pharaohs*.

A Little More About Pharaohs* in General

  • The ancient Egyptians believed that their pharaohs* were mortal forms of the falcon god Horus, the god of the sky.
  • Over time, the pharaohs* and Re (ray), the sun god, connected. They were god-kings in this way.
  • The ancient Egyptians also believed that the Nile's floods and, following that, the harvests were provided by the rulers.
  • All pharaohs* had absolute power*. Whatever they said had to be done because their decision was law.
  • Egypt's future rested on the pharaoh's* strength.

An official of ancient Egypt once said: "He is the god Re whose beams enable us to see.He gives more light to the Two Lands than the sun's disc. He makes Earth more green than the Nile in flood.He has filled the Two Lands with strength and life."
Cleopatra VII was the last pharaoh*.
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Egyptian Empire
Egyptian Empire

Wiki Presentation-1-9.ppt

Click on picture for URL **If a star is after a word, it is in the vocabularyWorks Cited "Female Pharaohs in Anicent Egypt. Egyptian Queens." ANCIENT EGYPT Egyptian pyramids, pharaohs, sphinx, temples. Egyptian travel. 12 Jan.
2009 <>.

World Studies: the Ancient World
Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall (School Division)