Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

By Alyssa Frolich and Brianna McGovern

Key Terms
1.) God ( gahd) n. A being considered to be the creator or ruler of the universe or parts of the universe; the object of worship in some cultures or societies
2.) Goddess (GAHD is) n. a female being considered to be the creator or ruler of the universe or parts of the universe; the object of worship in some cultures or societies
3.) Afterlife ( AF tur lyf) n. A life after death
4.) Mummy (MUM ee) n. a dead body preserved in a lifelike condition
5.) Pyramid (PIH ruh mid) n. a huge building with four sloping triangle-shaped sides; Built as royal tombs in Egypt
6.) Giza (GEE zuh) n. An ancient Eyptian city; the site of the Great Pyramid
7.) Ibis ( ī'bĭs ) n. 1.a) Any of various stork like wading birds of the family Threskiornithidae of temperate and tropical regions, having a long, slender, downward-curving bill. 1.b) The wood ibis


Who they were and what they did
Goddesses
1.) Nekhbet was the guardian of mothers and children. She has been formed into the white vulture
2.) Nephthys was the protector of the dead
3.) Isis was the Goddess of magic. She was the principle Goddess.
4.) Tefnut was the Goddess of moisture. She would occasionally turn into a cat
5.) Hathor was the mother Goddess, she was also the Goddess of love, the sky, joy and death. She has been formed into a cow.
Gods
1.) Horus was the sky God. And had a man body and a falcon head. He was the son of Isis.
2.) Osiris was the God of the afterlife. He has green skin. He was also one of the principle Gods
3.) Thoth was the God of writing and wisdom. Also often shown with the head of a Ibis.
4.) Amon Re was also the sun God. And often wore a tall feather crown.He, too was one of the principle Gods

 Family tree of the Egyptian gods
Family tree of the Egyptian gods
^.... Family tree


external image Amon-Re.JPG <..... Amon're external image E-67Pnekhbet.jpg<..... Nekhbet
external image nephthys3.jpg<......Nephthys external image isis.jpg <......Isis

On the left side is Tefnut.....>external image shu_tefnut.jpg
Hathor
Hathor
^..... Hathor
external image horus.jpg<..... On right side is Horus
external image osiris16.351174431_std.jpg<..... Osiris external image 311px-thoth_svg1.png<..... Thoth



http://www.brainpop.com/socialstudies/worldhistory/egyptianpharaohs/preview.weml
http://www.vibrani.com/gods.htm
http://www.mrdowling.com/604-pharaoh.html

QUIZ!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

1.) Egyptians believed that gods and goddesses controlled...?

A) Animals
B) Nature
C) People


2.) Who were two of the chief gods or goddesses of the Egyptians?


3.) What is the desert area in the west called?
A) The home of the dead
B) The home of the living
C) The home of the animals

4.) What was Osiris the god of?

A) The sea
B) The afterlife
C) The sky

5.) Isis was worshiped as...?
A) The great mother who protects her children
B) The goddess of ancestors
C) The goddess of friends

*BONUS*
Name 2 of the Gods or Goddesses 18th dynasty??????