The Growth of Communities and Trade Along the Nile By: Katie and Sammy

Settled hunting and fishing communities may have developed in Nubia around 6000 B.C. The Nubians formed
settlements before they began to farm unlike the commnities of the Fertiles Crescent thaNile_8.jpgt settled after
taking up agriculture. Settled farming communities began to develop in Egypt and Nubia sometime around 5000 B.C. As these communities grew, trade also did as well.

Living Along the Nile
Egypt's early farming communities settled in the valley regions of the Nile. The people of the valley built villages around the fertile river beds. Their homes were buit of bricks or of straw from a mix of straw and mud. Scattered farming villages along the banks of the Nile were to the south, upper Egypt. Nubia had less farmland along the Nile than Egypt, and so they fished and hunted fish along the Nile banks.
A Highway for Trade
The Nile was used to transport goods in Egypt. The Nile river moved downriver so ships could travel north on the Nile. The winds that blew south helped them to also sail upriver. The Red Sea and Mesopotamia are other trade links that ran east across the desert. Caravans loaded with gold, silver, copper and pottery traveled the overland trade routes. There were valuable goods sold, they include cedar and gold. They were sold in the bazaars of Egypt's towns.

Routes through Nubia
People could not travel through Nubia by river because of the cataracts. Instead, the Nubians developed trade routes over land. In the ancient world, Nubians became famous. From central Africa and Nubia they carried goods into Egypt and southwestern Asia and brought other goods back. A Nubian caravan that traveled into Egypt had 300 donkeys. The donkeys carried ebony wood, ivory from elephant tusks, ostrich feathers and eggs, and panther skins. A boomerang that Africans used for hunting was another popular object. bibliography!
African boomerangs